Dhaka, June 26: Bangladesh has lost Tk 18424.73 crore in the last six years due to natural disaster, Planning minister AHM Mustafa Kamal disclosed while unveiling a survey report of Bangladesh Bureau of Statistic (BBS) on Sunday.
Out of Tk 18424.73 crore, the highest 23.23 per cent damage and losses are caused by flood followed by 19.76 per cent due to river/coastal erosion, 15.41 per cent cyclone, 8.72 per cent water logging and rest 8 categories together have 3 2.90 per cent.
The report shows that the highest 3 6.20 per cent of damage and losses are found in crops, followed by 26.72 per cent loss and damage of land, 17.19 per cent in houses (residence, kitchen, cowshed etc.) and the rest livestock, poultry, fisheries and homestead forestry together have 19.89 per cent damage and loss.
It is noted that a total of Tk 3640.8 million loss and damages are in river/coastal erosion whereas damage and loss of land due to river/coastal erosion was Tk 3174.20 million in period of 2009-2014.
Planning minister declared to undertake project to develop the livelihood of the people of disaster prone areas in the country.
He was addressing at the launching programme on “Bangladesh Disaster-related statistic 2015: Climate change and natural disaster perspectives” conducted by BBS.
Presided over by secretary, statistics and informatics division KM Mozammel Hoq, among others secretary for disaster management and relief Md. Shah Kamal, chairman, department of disaster science and management, university of Dhaka, Prof. ASM Maksud Kamal, executive director, Bangladesh centre for advanced studies Dr Atiq Rahman, statistician and disaster-related statistics specialist, United Nations, ESCAP Daniel Clarke, and director general of BBS Mohammad Abdul Wased spoke the progarmme.
Programme director of Impact of climate change on human life Md. Rafiqul Islam made presentation on the survey report.
Md. Shah Kamal said the report will be helpful for them to undertake any project to tackle natural disaster.
About the climate change lost he said the developed countries are responsible for natural disaster in Bangladesh. But Bangladesh is facing losses of disaster, he said.
He said if the sea level rise to 3 centimeter huge area of coastal area will subversive.
Out of the total Taka 18424.73 crore loss and damages, Dhaka division is found to lead with 25 .00 per cent damage and loss followed closely by Barisal division with 20.07 per cent, Khulna division 15.86 per cent, Rajshahi division 11.77 per cent, Chittagong division 10.33 per cent, Sylhet division 8.50 per cent and Rangpur division 8.47 per cent respectively.
The survey result shows that the number of times disaster affected the households frequency, the highest percentage of household affected in one time is recorded as 56.52 per cent followed by 26.57 per cent are two times and 16.91°c are three or more times.
It is found that 24.44 per cent household are affected by flood, 15.10 per cent are cyclone-affected households, 10.59 per cent are affected by thunderstorm, 10.49 per cent are affected by drought, 9.84 per cent are affected by water logging, 8.42 per cent are by hailstorm, 6. 13° o are storm tidal surge affected households respectively.
At the divisional level, cyclone and stormltidal surge were recorded only in Barisal, Chittagong and Khulna division. In the case of flood affected households, Sylhet division possesses the highest position (69.97 %) while Barisal division holds only 5.24 per cent households. In the case of water logging 34. 88 per cent households are found affected in Khulna division and only O.65° households are found in Rajshahi division.
While it comes to the non-working days during last natural disaster from the year of 2009-’ 14 it is found that slightly less than one-half of the households (48.46%) did not work from one to seven days, but the interesting point is that with gradual increase of number of days number of households decreases.
It is also found that the average working days per household are only 12.13. Out of all categories of disaster, households affected by flood had the highest (17.63) non-working days.
The second highest 16.86 non-working days per household is river/coastal erosion disaster. Moreover, the lowest 5.30 non-working days per household is hailstrom. In case of early warning and preparedness the result shows that out of the 6153344 affected, 1223835 household managed to get early warning.
Highest proportion of the households (66.73%) got warning in cyclone, followed by storm or tidal surge 61.03 per cent and flood 17.84 per cent respectively. For the preparedness, out of the 1223835 households, 814450 households took necessary preparedness. The highest proportion of preparedness is taken by 88.48 per cent% households in cyclone and the lowest 18.86 per cent is found in flood.